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明清徽州族谱传记中塾师形象的书写
戴元枝,张小明
0
(黄山学院 文学院, 安徽 黄山 245041)
摘要:
明清时期人物传记在徽州族谱中大量出现,塾师形象的书写也成为族谱传记的重要内容。这既是徽州塾师群体庞大这一客观存在的反映,也是徽州人较为特殊的价值观的体现。族谱传记中的塾师形象是师与儒的结合,他们是品端行正、德化乡里的儒者,也是潜心向学、严而有方的良师。书写目的、书写方式的不同,是造成徽州族谱传记中塾师形象与通俗文学中塾师形象差异较大的主要原因。族谱传记中的塾师形象与通俗文学灰暗的文学记忆互为补充,可使我们更全面地认识明清时期塾师这一社会群体。
关键词:  徽州  族谱  传记  塾师  形象  通俗文学
DOI:10.19747/j.cnki.1009-2463.2020.04.015
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学规划基金一般项目"明清时期徽州塾师研究"(18YJAZH012);安徽省教育厅人文社会科学重点项目"徽州乡贤文化研究"(SK2017A0375)
Images of Sishu Tutors in Biographies of Huizhou Genealogies during Ming and Qing Dynasties
DAI Yuanzhi,ZHANG Xiaoming
(School of Literature, Huangshan University, Huangshan 245041, China)
Abstract:
During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, biographies sprung up in Huizhou genealogies, and Sishu (old-style private schools) tutors were the important content of the biographies. It is not only a reflection of the large number of the tutors in the region, but also an embodiment of the special values of Huizhou people. In the biographies they are the combination of attentive strict teachers and upright noble Confucians, which is rather different from the depiction in vernacular literature due to different purposes and ways of depiction. Their images in the biographies and the grey literary memories of vernacular literature complement each other, which enables us to get a more comprehensive understanding of this group of people in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Key words:  Huizhou  genealogies  biographies  Sishu tutors  images  vernacular literature

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