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道德直觉可以成为道德探究的基础吗
陈海
0
(上海大学 文学院, 上海 200444)
摘要:
道德直觉是当下道德哲学研究领域的热门话题。如果道德直觉可以成为道德探究的基础,那么其可靠性必须得到保证。论证道德直觉的可靠性,可以将道德直觉作一种道德判断的方法论来理解。而作为道德判断方法论的道德直觉就带有明显的反思平衡的特性。但反思平衡在道德探究中是否具有基础性地位依然存疑。回答这一疑问的方法,就是构建一种持基础主义立场的反思平衡。道德直觉就是这样一种持基础主义立场的反思平衡,因此道德直觉可以成为道德探究的基础。
关键词:  道德直觉  反思平衡  方法论直觉主义  基础主义
DOI:10.19747/j.cnki.1009-2463.2020.04.014
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目"基于虚拟现实的实验研究对实验哲学的超越"(15ZDB016)
Can Moral Intuition be the Basis of Moral Inquiry?
CHEN Hai
(School of Liberal Arts, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China)
Abstract:
Moral intuition is nowadays a hot topic of moral philosophy. If moral intuition can be the basis of moral inquiry, its reliability must be guaranteed. To prove its reliability, it can be understood as one methodology of moral judgment, and in that way it has an obvious characteristic of reflective equilibrium. But it is still doubtful whether reflective equilibrium has a fundamental position in moral inquiry. The answer to this question lies in establishing a kind of reflective equilibrium of foundationalism, and moral intuition is such kind of reflective equilibrium, so it can be the basis of moral inquiry.
Key words:  moral intuition  reflective equilibrium  methodological intuitionism  foundationalism

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