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“互利共成”:桐城派诗人对韩愈诗歌的建构与借径
卢坡
0
(安徽大学 文学院)
摘要:
作为异代知音,桐城派诗人对韩愈诗歌较为推崇,常常“杜、韩”并称,桐城派的这种“追封”始于姚范,终由方东树完成。桐城派诗人对韩愈的接受不仅表现为对韩诗的赞赏、对“以文为诗”的认同,还在于主动将韩愈古文理论运用到诗学批评之中,即“以文论诗”。桐城派诗人言志、有物、立诚、有序的论诗标准是对韩愈“文道”关系论的呼应,而对韩诗雄桀瑰伟风格的推崇、对韩愈诗作的精彩解读,这都成为韩愈诗歌经典化历程的重要一环;桐城派诗人则在对韩诗的评论中,提炼出富有特色的诗学理论,构建了系统的诗学体系。建构与借径这种“互利共成”的诗学关系生动地表现在桐城派诗人对韩愈诗歌的评论之中。
关键词:  桐城派  韩诗  建构  借径
DOI:
基金项目:安徽大学博士科研启动经费项目“桐城派尺牍研究”( J01003275);国家社会科学基金重大招标项目“唐诗学研究”( 12&ZD156);国家社会科学基金重大招标项目“清代文人事迹编年汇考”(13&ZD117)
Construction of and Borrowing from Han Yu’s Poems by Tongcheng School Poets
LU Po
(School of Liberal Arts, Anhui University)
Abstract:
As intimate friends of different era, poets of the Tongcheng school praised highly the poems written by Han Yu, and mentioned him and Du Fu in the same breath. Such canonization began from Yao Fan and ended with Fang Dongshu. The acceptance of Han by the poets was not only manifested in their appreciation of his poems and their identification of “taking prose as poetry”, but also in their active application of Han’s classic prose theories to poetic criticism, that is, “reviewing poetry with prose”. Their standards of poetic criticism, including ambitiousness, connotation, sincerity and orderness, were an echo of Han’s statement on the relationship between literature and truth. Their admiration of the grand style of Han’s poems and their excellent interpretation of them were an important part of the process of canonization of the poems. In their reviews of the poems, they extracted characteristic poetics and constructed systematic poetic system. Construction and borrowing, such poetic relationship of “mutual benefit”, were vividly expressed in their reviews.
Key words:  Tongcheng school  Han Yu’s poems  construction  borrowing

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