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基于Shapley值法的草莓产业链利润分配机制研究
张贺新,谈应权,徐智,田涛
0
(安徽农业大学 经济管理学院)
摘要:
为了促进农业产业链稳定健康发展,利用实际调研数据,以草莓产业链为研究对象,分析相关主体的成本构成、价值增值比例和利润分配,并利用Shapley值法,根据各相关参与主体贡献的多少去计算草莓产业链的利润分配方案。研究表明,在草莓产业链中,农户的增值比例最高,销售环节次之,中间商环节增值比例最低。草莓产业链最终利润分配方案为:种植户、批发商及零售商分别获得全部收益的64.77% 、7.84% 、27.39% 。完善政策为:完善组织形式,提高对农户的技术支持服务力度;加强对草莓产业链的各个环节有效管理,提高相关资源配置的利用效率;建立草莓收购目标价格制度;完善利益分配机制。
关键词:  草莓产业链  价值增值  Shapley值  利润分配
DOI:
基金项目:合肥市软科学项目“农户分享产业链典型模式研究”(2018052);安徽省农科教结合研究中心项目“安徽省公共财政支出的农村创业效应研究”(SK2019A0132)
A Study of Profit Distribution Mechanism of Strawberry Industrial Chain Based on Shapley Value Method
ZHANG Hexin,TAN Yingquan,XU Zhi,TIAN Tao
(School of Economics and Management, Anhui Agricultural University)
Abstract:
In order to promote the stable and healthy development of agricultural industrial chain, this paper relies on survey data and takes strawberry industrial chain as an example to analyze the cost composition, value increment ratio and profit distribution of relevant subjects. And the Shapley value method is used to calculate the profit distribution scheme of the chain according to the contribution of relevant participant subjects. Results show that, the value increment ratio of peasant households is the highest in the chain, followed by that of sales section, and that of middlemen the lowest. The final profit distribution scheme of the chain is that, strawberry growers, wholesalers and retailers gain 64.77%, 7.84% and 27.39% of the total revenue respectively. In this case, it is necessary to perfect organizational form, enhance technical support and services for peasant households, strengthen effective management of all links of the chain, improve utilization efficiency of relevant resources allocation, establish target price system of strawberry purchase, and improve profit distribution mechanism.
Key words:  strawberry industrial chain  value increment  Shapley value  profit distribution

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