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安徽省农民田间学校的空间分布特征及影响因素研究
雷若欣,李秋秋,朱学同
0
(巢湖学院)
摘要:
选取安徽省216个农民田间学校为研究样本,运用最邻近点指数、地理集中指数、地理联系率、核密度指数等方法研究农民田间学校的分布规律及影响因素。结果表明:安徽省农民田间学校类型多样,按其培训内容可细分为农、林、牧、副、渔及休闲农业、农技服务、电子商务等8个类型,其中,农业田间学校又含普通种植业、设施农业等学校;安徽省农民田间学校整体空间分布趋于集聚,空间结构属于凝聚型;在普通种植业田间学校中,粮食种植、蔬菜种植培训学校集聚程度较高;安徽主体功能区、经济基础、人口密度、文化教育资源与农民学习意愿是影响农民田间学校分布的主要因素。
关键词:  安徽  农民田间学校  分布特征  影响因素
DOI:
基金项目:安徽省哲学社科规划青年基金项目“环境演变与江淮舟居族群文化空间变迁研究:从亲水到离水的演化与转型” (AHSKQ2016D67);旅游管理重点学科招标项目“安徽省旅游特色小镇的差异化效应与协同发展策略”(XWZ 201808)
Characteristics of Spatial Distribution of Anhui Farmer Field Schools and Influence Factors
LEI Ruoxin,LI Qiuqiu,ZHU Xuetong
(Chaohu University)
Abstract:
Taking 216 farmer field schools of Anhui province as the study samples and adopting the methods of the nearest neighbor index, geographical concentration index, geographic contact rate and nuclear density index, this paper studies the distribution rules and influence factors of the schools. Study results show that the schools have a great variety, which can be classified according to their training content into 8 types, including agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, sideline production, fishery, leisure agriculture, agricultural technology service and ecommerce, in which those of agriculture type contain the schools of general planting and facility agriculture; the schools are concentrated in spatial distribution and agglomerated in spatial structure; among the schools of general planting, those planting grains and vegetables are highly concentrated; main functional area, economic base, population density, cultural and educational resources and farmers’ learning willingness are the main factors affecting the school distribution.
Key words:  Anhui  farmer field schools  distribution characteristics  influence factors

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