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传统与现代之间:南京国民政府时期地方卫生防疫机制探察——以安徽为中心
李忠萍
0
(安徽中医药大学)
摘要:
南京国民政府时期,中国卫生防疫行政体系渐趋粗成,彰显了政府成为公共卫生主导性行为主体的现代面相,然而其时地方卫生防疫事务的开展仍有赖于社会力量的积极参与和内外推动,又使得地方卫生防疫机制带有鲜明的传统特色。这种传统不仅是其时中国卫生行政粗陋建构的映照,更是绅商等社会人士和组织热心公益、践行家国情怀这一中华优秀传统的彰显。因此,某种意义上可以说,南京国民政府时期走在传统与现代之间的地方卫生防疫机制,也是西方倡导的现代公共卫生“遭遇”中国传统后形成的一种在地化表现。
关键词:  南京国民政府  卫生防疫行政  安徽  传统  现代
DOI:
基金项目:安徽省高校人文社会科学重点项目“公共卫生与安徽的近代化变迁(1903—1949)”(SK2015A368)
Between Tradition and Modernity: Exploration of Local Administrative Mechanism of Health and Epidemic Prevention in Nanjing National Government Period: A Study Centered on Anhui
LI Zhongping
(Anhui University of Chinese Medicine)
Abstract:
China’s administrative system of health and epidemic prevention was roughly established in the Nanjing National Government period, and it manifested the modernity of government as leading behavior subject in public health administration. At the same time, it also showed distinct traditional characteristics, because local health and epidemic prevention still depended on the participation and promotion of social forces. This tradition reflected not only the crude construction of health administration at that time, but also the excellent tradition that landlords, businessmen and other social figures and organizations were enthusiastic about public welfare and had a strong sense of patriotism. Therefore, the local administrative mechanism of health and epidemic prevention during the period, which was between tradition and modernity, was on some extent a kind of localization of the modern public health concept advocated by the West.
Key words:  Nanjing National Government  health and epidemic prevention administration  Anhui  tradition  modernity

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