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清代治理西藏策略之演变
占堆
0
(中共拉萨市委常委)
摘要:
清代治理西藏大致分为两个时期,在第一个时期(1644—1720),清政府对于西藏的控制是松散的,但这种松散之中深藏着高深的政治智慧;同时,在西藏一直采取温和的休养生息政策,营造了一个良好且宽松的社会、政治和宗教环境。第二个时期,也就是1720年之后,清政府在西藏逐步设立完善的行政机构,并派遣驻藏大臣。然而,这种稳定的政治结构在第一次鸦片战争之后遭到了破坏。纵观清代各个时期的治藏政策,可以归纳出清代治理西藏的策略与清朝本身的国力兴衰密切相关。
关键词:  清朝  治藏策略  制度演化
DOI:
基金项目:拉萨市哲学社会科学专项资金项目“历代中央政府对西藏行使管辖权研究”(17BLSMZ004)
Change of Tibetan Governance Strategy in Qing Dynasty
ZHAN Dui
(Lhasa Municipal People’s Government)
Abstract:
The Qing dynasty’s governance of Tibet can be roughly divided into two periods. In the first period (16441720), its control over Tibet was loose, but contained profound political wisdom. At the same time, a moderate recuperation policy was adopted in the region, creating a favorable social, political and religious environment. In the second period (after 1720), the Qing government gradually established a perfect administrative system in Tibet and dispatched ambans to the region. However, this stable political structure was destroyed after the First Opium War. Such general survey of Tibetan governance strategy in various periods of the Qing dynasty reveals that it was closely related to the rise and fall of the dynasty’s own national strength.
Key words:  Qing dynasty  governance strategy  institutional change

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