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浅论清初诗话之“学力”说——以杜甫诗歌的艺术批评为例
王慧,丁放
0
(安徽大学文学院)
摘要:
清初诗学遗产丰富,涌现出大批诗论家,他们多以诗话的形式阐释、批评诗歌作品,因此清诗话成为清代诗学研究的重要资料。时值明清易代、社会动乱,清初学者对明人空虚学风的反思与其自身匡救时弊、经世致用的文化使命感,使得杜甫继宋以后,受到空前的关注,关于杜诗的基本诗学问题,在众多诗话中得到回应与扩展。其中“学力”之说最受推崇,学力与天资、学力与正变,均是清初文人讨论的热点
关键词:  清初  诗话  杜甫  学力
DOI:
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大招标项目“唐诗学研究”(12&ZD156)
On the Poetry Theory of “Scholastic” in the Early Qing Dynasty:Taking the Criticism on Du Fu’s Poems as an Example
WANG Hui,DING Fang
(School of Liberal Arts, Anhui University)
Abstract:
The early Qing dynasty left behind it a rich poetic heritage and a large number of poetry critics emerged during the period. They interpreted and criticized poetry works in the form of poetry, and as a result Qing poetry became an important material to study the poetics of Qing dynasty. The period also saw the change of dynasties, from Ming to Qing, and much social unrest, which made Du Fu receive, once again after the Song dynasty, unprecedented attention because scholars began to reflect on the vacuous writing style of the Ming dynasty and undertake the cultural mission of needling social ills, saving the nation and innovating on reality. The fundamental poetic issues concerning Du Fu’s poetry were responded and extended in many poems, and among the issues the “scholastic” theory was praised most. The scholastic, talent and upward transition were the focuses of the discussions then.
Key words:  early Qing dynasty  poetry  Du Fu  scholastic

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