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改革开放以年来淮河流域的商业市场与消费研究
孙语圣
0
(安徽大学社会与政治学院)
摘要:
改革开放后淮河流域的商业市场主体日趋多元,各种所有制呈现多元发展局面,商业活动逐渐呈现出计划经济时代所没有的巨大活力和生机。市场主体规模速扩,体系趋于完善,如商业网点的广泛布局、城乡集贸市场的繁荣、市场主体的体量增大且向买方市场转化。消费需求增长动力逐渐强劲,市场建设不断向多元化和专业化发展,形成了多层次、多类别的商品交易市场体系。消费结构升级不断加快,伴随着国民经济的快速发展,城乡居民收入稳步提高,消费品供需结构水平大幅提升,城乡居民消费升级呈现出阶梯式递进发展趋势。
关键词:  改革开放  淮河流域  商业  经济发展  社会变迁
DOI:
基金项目:安徽大学淮河流域环境与经济社会发展研究中心项目“当代淮河流域的商业、城市与金融”(HHYJZX2018ZW011);国家社会科学基金重点项目“淮河流域经济开发与变迁研究”(11AZS007)
Commercial Market and Consumption of Huaihe River Basin since Reform and Opening up
SUN Yusheng
(School of Sociology and Politics, Anhui University)
Abstract:
Since the reform and opening up, the commercial market subjects in the Huaihe River Basin become increasingly pluralistic, economies of various ownerships develop in a diversified way, and business activities show a great vitality that was not found in the era of planned economy. Besides, the scale of market entities expands rapidly and market system improves substantively, which is embodied in the extensive distribution of commercial outlets, the prosperity of urban and rural trading markets, and the increase in the size of market entities and their transformation to buyers’ market. Consumer demand is also gaining momentum and market construction becoming increasingly diversified and specialized, forming a multilevel and multicategory commodity trading market system. With the rapid development of national economy, consumption structure upgrading is accelerating, urban and rural residents’ income steadily increasing, supply and demand of consumer goods greatly improving, and urban and rural residents’ consumption developing step by step.
Key words:  reform and opening up  Huaihe River Basin  commerce  economic development  social change

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