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王维哀悼诗浅论
相文,韩震军
0
(安徽师范大学文学院)
摘要:
王维的哀悼诗虽然数量不多,但其中所反映的王维生死观的变化,可作为观照其思想信仰变化的补充材料。青年时重生轻死,中年时重死轻生,晚年时的看淡生、死,与之相对应的是王维一生由儒到庄、禅,再由庄、禅最终归向佛的复杂思想信仰变化历程。此外,王维的哀悼诗还具有独到的文学价值。这些哀悼诗具有情感真挚感人和语言典雅、蕴藉的艺术特点,这与其平淡、空灵的山水诗相异趣,是王维审美观中容易为人所忽视的异质部分,故而具有补充和扩展王维诗歌全体艺术风貌的价值。
关键词:  王维  哀悼诗  思想观照  文学价值
DOI:
基金项目:
On Wangwei’s Mourning Poems
XIANG Wen,Han Zhenjun
(School of Liberal Arts, Anhui Normal University)
Abstract:
Although Wang Wei’s mourning poems are few in number, they reflect the change of his view of life and death and can be used as a supplementary material to contemplate the change of his thoughts and belief. In youth, life for him is more important than death; in middle age, death more important than life; and in old age, both life and death are less important. This corresponds to the complex change of his thoughts and belief, from Confucianism to Zhuangzi philosophy and Zen, and finally to Buddhism. In addition, the poems also have a unique literary value and bear the artistic characteristics of sincere feelings, touching language and elegant implication, which differ from those of his plain and unadorned landscape poems, and are the heterogeneous part easily ignored in his aesthetic view. Therefore, these poems have the value of supplementing and expanding the whole artistic style of his poems.
Key words:  Wang Wei  mourning poems, ideological contemplation, literary value

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