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留守儿童希望感、心理韧性特点及关系
王健,吴海艳,张攀,张咏梅,迟新丽
0
(安徽建筑大学公共管理学院;国网安徽省电力公司检修公司;固镇县第三中学教师;深圳大学心理与社会学院)
摘要:
留守儿童的心理品质正在吸引研究者的关注。本研究发现,留守男童的希望感、心理韧性显著高于留守女童;母亲外出的留守儿童比父亲外出的留守儿童希望感高,父母都外出的留守儿童心理韧性显著高于父亲外出的留守儿童;学习成绩优异的留守儿童希望感、心理韧性显著高于成绩差的留守儿童;留守儿童的希望感、心理韧性总体随年级增高而降低;父亲或爷爷照看的留守儿童希望感、心理韧性显著高于母亲、奶奶、外公外婆照看、社会托管的留守儿童;留守儿童希望感与心理韧性呈显著正相关。
关键词:  留守儿童  希望感  心理韧性  特点
DOI:
基金项目:安徽省哲学社会科学规划项目“农村留守儿童幸福感提升路径研究”( 2017AHSKYD31);安徽省教育厅基地重点项目“农民工留守家属幸福感指数测评及提升路径研究”( SK2016A0236
Expectation and Psychological Resilience of Left behind Children and Their Relations
WANG Jian,WU Haiyan,ZHANG Pan,ZHANG Yongmei,CHI Xinli
(School of Liberal Arts, Anhui Normal University,School of Public Administration, Anhui Jianzhu University;Maintenance Company, State GRID Anhui Electric Power Cooperation;Guzhen No 3. Middle School, Guzhen;School of Psychology and Sociology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen)
Abstract:
The psychological quality of leftbehind children is attracting researchers’ attention. This study finds that: leftbehind boys have higher expectation and psychological resilience than leftbehind girls, those with excellent academic performance higher than those with poor academic performance, and those living with father or grandfather higher than those living with mother or grandmother or cared by social childcare organizations; those living without mother have higher expectation than those living without father, and those living without parents have higher psychological resilience than those living without father; leftbehind children's expectation and psychological resilience generally decreases as their grade increases; and there is a significant positive correlation between the children's expectation and psychological resilience.
Key words:  left behind children  expectation  psychological resilience  features

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