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长江经济带高新技术产业外贸竞争力的影响因素与提升对策
刘伟,冯德连
0
(合肥师范学院经济与管理学院;安徽财经大学国际经济贸易学院)
摘要:
影响长江经济带高新技术产业外贸竞争力的主要因素有高新技术产品出口交货值、人均GDP、对外开放度、外商直接投资、产业集聚度、利税额、研发人员全时当量、高新技术企业专利数。由于经济发展与环境因素不同导致各省市影响因素不同,其中,安徽省为出口交货值、人均GDP、对外开放度等,湖南省为出口交货值、外商直接投资等,云南省为出口交货值、研发经费投入等,四川为人均GDP、研发人员全时当量等,浙江为外商直接投资、人均GDP、企业专利数等。建议通过提高产业集聚度、培育外贸竞争优势、提高科研投入的使用效益、加大自主创新体系建设等措施提高长江经济带高新技术产业外贸竞争力。
关键词:  长江经济带  高新技术产业  外贸竞争力
DOI:
基金项目:安徽省高校人文社会科学研究重点项目“知名专家城市带中小企业国际贸易融资研究”(SK2015A471)
Foreign Trade Competitiveness of Hi Tech Industries in the Yangtze River Economic Belt: Influence Factors and Improvement Suggestions
LIU Wei,FENG Delian
(School of Economics and Management, Hefei Normal University;School of International Trade and Economics, Anhui University of Finance and Economics)
Abstract:
The main factors influencing the foreign trade competitiveness of hitech industries in the Yangtze River Economic Belt include export delivery value, GDP per capita, opening degree, FDI, industrial agglomeration degree, profit and tax amount, full time equivalent of R&D personnel, patent applications of hitech enterprises. Because of the differences in economic development and environment, different provinces are influenced by different factors, among which: Anhui is influenced by export delivery value, GDP per capita, opening degree and so on; Hunan by export delivery value, FDI and so on; Yunnan by export delivery value, investment in research and development and so on; Zhejiang by FDI, GDP per capita, patent applications of hitech enterprises and so on. Therefore, it is necessary to continue to improve the industrial agglomeration degree, foster the competitive advantages in foreign trade, increase the efficiency of scientific research investment and strengthen the construction of independent innovation system so as to further promote the foreign trade competitiveness of hitech industries in the Yangtze River Economic Belt.
Key words:  Yangtze River Economic Belt  hi tech industries  foreign trade competitiveness

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