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生态系统理论视角下农村社区“T-RES”发展模式研究
孙中锋,周伟
0
(安徽大学社会与政治学院)
摘要:
培养农村社区居民自助互助的理念和精神、增强对社区的归属与认同,以构建健康美好的社会生活共同体是新时期社会主义新农村建设的最终目标。通过对目前阻碍农村社区发展的农村居民原子化、农村社区空心化、农村地区碎片化等多重因素的研究,从生态系统理论的视角,尝试构建以微观层面的乡村精英(Talent)为引领、中观层面的资源(Resource)与环境(Environment)为支撑、宏观层面的社会(Society)为保障的“TRES”发展模式,为重构农村社区共同体、推动农村社区长足有效的发展提供新思路。
关键词:  生态系统理论  农村社区  “T RES”  发展模式
DOI:
基金项目:国务院发展研究中心项目“中国民生指数研究(安徽)”(Y06101983)
A Study of the T RES Development Model for Rural Communities from the Perspective of Ecosystem Theory
SUN Zhongfeng,ZHOU Wei
(School of Sociology and Political Science, Anhui University)
Abstract:
It is the ultimate goal of building a new socialist countryside in the new era to cultivate the concept and spirit of selfhelp and mutual assistance among the residents in rural communities, strengthen their sense of belonging and recognition of the communities, and build a healthy and beautiful community of social life. This paper studies the multiple factors hindering the development of rural communities, such as atomization of rural residents, population decline of rural communities and fragmentization of rural areas, and establishes on such basis a TRES development model for rural communities from the perspective of ecosystem theory. The model is featured by rural talents (T) guidance at the micro level, resource (R) and environment (E) support at the meso level, and society (S) guarantee at the macro level. It might provide some new ideas for reconstructing rural communities and promoting their effective development.
Key words:  ecosystem theory  rural communities  T-RES  development model

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