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精准扶贫背景下贫困山区旅游扶贫效率研究
高杨,王朝辉,耿慧,张岩
0
(安徽师范大学地理与旅游学院;北京师范大学 环境学院)
摘要:
皖南山区旅游扶贫效率接近中等水平,区域差异大但呈波状缩小趋势。现阶段,旅游扶贫的主要支撑为规模效率,快速的旅游发展、不断扩大的旅游业规模是提升旅游扶贫效率的有效途径。技术进步是导致全要素生产率指数波动的主要因素,旅游体制机制、旅游模式创新是进一步提高其扶贫效率的核心路径。旅游扶贫效率由“局部突出,环线梯度”的点状格局向“四周连片,中部塌陷”的漏斗状格局演化,旅游产业出现外溢。为提升区域旅游扶贫效率,应根据潜力期、朝阳期、黄金期、夕阳期不同的效率形态类型,实施精准的旅游扶贫模式。
关键词:  旅游扶贫  数据包络分析  效率评价  时空分异
DOI:
基金项目:安徽省高校人文社会科学重点研究基地项目“安徽旅游小城镇发展特征及模式研究”(SK2014A134)
A Study of the Efficiency of Poverty Alleviation through Tourism in Poor Mountainous Areas under the Background of Targeted Poverty Alleviation
GAO Yang,WANG Chaohui,GENG Hui,ZHANG Yan
(School of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University;School of Environment, Beijing Normal University)
Abstract:
The poverty alleviation through tourism in Southern Anhui mountainous area is almost at the middle level in efficiency, and the regional difference is large but shows a waveshaped reducing trend. At present, the main support for poverty alleviation through tourism is scale efficiency, and rapid tourist development and expanding tourist industry are the effective ways to improve the efficiency of poverty alleviation through tourism; technical progress is the main factor leading to the fluctuation of total factor productivity index, and the innovation of tourist system and mechanism and of tourist mode is the core path to further improve the efficiency of poverty alleviation through tourism; the efficiency has evolved from the pointshaped pattern of “local prominence and circular gradient” to the funnelshaped pattern of “circular prominence and central collapse”, and tourist industry spills over. In order to improve the efficiency of regional poverty alleviation through tourism, it is necessary to adopt a more precise model according to the different efficiency forms of potential period, sunrise period, golden period and sunset period.
Key words:  poverty alleviation through tourism  data envelopment analysis  efficiency evaluation  spatio temporal differentiation

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