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青年马克思投票思想及其当代启示——读马克思《莱茵报》时期著作
刘莉,方章东
0
(安徽农业大学 马克思主义学院)
摘要:
《莱茵报》时期,青年马克思发表了一系列政治性文章,它们涉及到书报检查、新闻自由、议会辩论等。《莱茵报》时期是青年马克思哲学世界观的第一次转变,即由唯心主义转向唯物主义、从革命民主主义转向共产主义。这一时期青年马克思的哲学、经济学和政治学的研究交织在一起,呈现三线合一,交汇点于投票思想。在青年马克思看来,投票在哲学是合理性认识,在经济学是与利益相瓜葛,在政治上是自由、正义的表现。因此,透视青年马克思投票思想就意味着把握了其这一时期的思想全貌。尽管青年马克思还受黑格尔唯心主义和费尔巴哈人本主义思想的影响,但其哲学方法论和价值观对于当代民主政治有一定启示。
关键词:  青年马克思  投票  利益  理性  自由
DOI:
基金项目:研究生教育创新计划项目“中国特色社会主义理论与实践研究”(2016yjsjpk001)
Young Marx’s Voting Thoughts and Their Contemporary Enlightenments:Reflections on Marx’s Works in “Rhine Period”
LIU Li,FANG Zhangdong
(School of Marxism, Anhui Agricultural University)
Abstract:
During the “Rhine period”, young Marx published a series of political articles, which involve censorship, press freedom, parliamentary debate, etc., and the period saw the first change of young Marx in his philosophical world outlook, from idealism to materialism and from revolutionary democratism to communism. During the period, his study of philosophy, economics and political science intertwined with each other, and converged on voting such specific point. In his view, voting is a kind of rational understanding in philosophy, a special act tangled with interests in economics, and a manifestation of freedom and justice in politics. To understand young Marx’s voting thoughts can help to grasp the whole picture of his thoughts in this period. Although he was then influenced by Hegel’s idealistic thoughts and Feuerbach’s humanistic thoughts, his philosophical methodology and values contain certain enlightenments for contemporary democratic politics.
Key words:  young Marx  vote  benefit  ration  freedom

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