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晚明旅游者的出行时间、空间集聚与扩散考论
邹定霞
0
(川北医学院)
摘要:
晚明人酷爱旅行,他们的旅游活动随着季节的变化而调整,出行时间集中在春、秋二季,早春探梅,仲春踏青与赏花,秋凉则入山,还有一些节日,比如清明和中秋。江南地区既是晚明旅游者最重要的旅游目的地,又是最重要的旅游客源地。由于商品经济的发展,江南地区的水陆交通空前发达,主要城市之间均有定期航班,还开有夜航船。这些都为旅游活动的进行提供了良好的条件。对当时经济与文化中心所在的江南地区而言,能够从事长程旅游即“壮游”的士大夫仍是少数,大部分的士大夫只是短距离地旅游附近的名山。
关键词:  晚明旅游者  出行时间  出行空间
DOI:
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“人文地理学视野下的晚明游记研究”(16XJC751008)
A Textual Study on Tourists’ Spatial Temporal Agglomeration and Diffusion in Late Ming Dynasty
ZOU Dingxia
(North Sichuan Medical College)
Abstract:
Travelling was one of the most favorable activities in the late Ming Dynasty. People of the period usually adjusted their tours with the change of season, but spring and autumn were their first choices. In early spring, they loved to go on a tour to appreciate plum blossom; in the middle of spring, had an outing and enjoyed flowers; and on cool autumn days, walked into mountains. Besides, they also loved to travel on holidays, such as the Qingming Festival and MidAutumn Day. The Jiangnan Region was the most important tourist destination and tourist source in the period. In the region, growth of commodity economy made land and water transportation develop unprecedentedly, and regular boats as well as night boats shuttled back and forth among all the major cities, which provided a favorable condition for tourist development. Although the region was the economic and cultural center of the Dynasty, the scholar officials who could be engaged in long distance journeys remained a minority, and most of them just took short distance tours to some famous mountains nearby.
Key words:  tourists in late Ming Dynasty  travel time  travel space

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