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区域人口—经济—生态环境耦合协调空间分异规律研究
王雯雯,何刚,朱艳娜,夏业领
0
(安徽理工大学)
摘要:
以安徽省16个地级市为研究对象,通过ArcGIS的空间分析工具和Geoda1.0.6软件,分析各市人口、经济、生态环境耦合协调发展的空间分布特征及空间集聚效应。研究表明:人口—经济—生态环境耦合度分布较为均衡,除亳州外都处于拮抗阶段;人口—经济—生态环境耦合协调度空间分布较不均衡,皖北和江淮地区主要属于轻度失调衰退类,皖南地区主要属于濒临失调衰退类;人口—经济—生态环境耦合协调度的空间集聚特征显著,其中H—H集聚现象主要分布在皖南地区,L—L集聚现象主要分布在皖北地区。
关键词:  人口  经济  生态环境  耦合协调度  空间分布特征  集聚效应
DOI:
基金项目:安徽理工大学研究生创新基金项目“区域生态安全评价与预警研究”(2017CX2124);国家自然科学基金项目“个体与环境交互作用下煤矿员工安全行为能力评价及动态预警”(51574010)
Rules of Spatial Distribution of the Regional Population Economy Ecotope Coupling
WANG Wenwen,HE Gang,ZHU Yanna,XIA Yeling
(Anhui University of Science & Technology)
Abstract:
Taking 16 prefecturelevel cities of Anhui Province as research objects, this paper analyzed, through ArcGIS spatial analysis tools and software Geoda1.0.6, spatial distribution characteristics and spatial cluster effect of the populationeconomyecotope coupling development of each city. The results show that: the coupling distributes in a rather balanced manner, with all cities except Bozhou being in the antagonistic stage; but spatially, the coupling distributes in an imbalanced manner, with North Anhui and Jianghuai Region being in slight disorder and South Anhui in imminent downturn; and spatial cluster of the coupling is remarkable, with the HH cluster mostly distributing in South Anhui and the LL cluster mainly in North Anhui.
Key words:  population  economy  ecological environment  coupling degree  spatial distribution characteristics  cluster effect

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