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土地权利、经济收入与农户农业生产行为激励—以四川什邡和新疆生产建设兵团的对比分析为例
廖薇
0
(安徽农业大学)
摘要:
在农户收入多元化背景下,以实地调研问卷为基础,对比分析四川和新疆农户将劳动力投入农业生产的差异,并运用多元回归模型进行实证分析。研究发现:随着市场经济的不断深化,农户家庭自身拥有了更大的经营自主权,随着农业经济收入在总收入中所占比重的不断下降,导致土地产出对于农户的重要性程度下降,进一步使得土地产权激励作用下降,是农业生产出现徘徊的根本原因。因此通过降低务农和外出务工的劳动力边际收入差,农户倾向于将更多的生产要素投入农业生产。
关键词:  农户  土地权利  经济收入  生产积极性
DOI:
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究项目“碳交易视角下农户秸秆处理行为转变机制研究”(15YJCZH092);安徽农业大学繁荣发展哲学社会科学基金重点项目“农户可持续土壤碳汇耕作行为实现机制研究——以安徽省秸秆利用行为为例”(2014zs01zd)
Land Right, Economic Income and Incentive for Peasants’ Production:A Comparative Analysis of Shifang and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps
LIAO Wei
(Anhui Agricultural University)
Abstract:
Under the background of peasants’ income diversification and on the basis of field research and questionnaire survey, this paper makes a comparative analysis of the differences in labor force put into agricultural production between Sichuan and Xinjiang peasant households, and studies the differences empirically with the multiple regression model. The results show that: with the deepening development of market economy, peasant households themselves have more autonomy in management; but as the proportion of agricultural economic income in general income declines, the importance of land output for peasant households decreases, and it further undermines the incentive function of land property right, which is the root cause of the fluctuation of agricultural production. Therefore, it is necessary to reduce the marginal income gap between peasants and migrant peasantworkers so as to stimulate peasant households to put more productive factors into agricultural production.
Key words:  peasant households  land right  economic income  production enthusiasm

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