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论精准扶贫社会工作者的核心能力及培育策略
刘斌志,徐世鸿
0
(重庆师范大学)
摘要:
反贫困既是专业社会工作历史关注的焦点,更是当代社会工作服务的重点。在打赢脱贫攻坚战的进程中,专业社会工作不仅更新了扶贫的价值理念和服务模式,更促进了扶贫社会政策和人才队伍的建设。但随着精准扶贫的推进,反贫困社会工作的本土化、多元化、制度化、专业化和理论化水平还有待完善,关键是社会工作者精准扶贫的核心能力不足。因此,需要以“价值—知识—技术”三位一体的能力框架为基础,从共同富裕、城乡平等、内源发展、社会政策、生计发展、服务管理、精准识别、跨界融合、统筹整合、评估跟进等十个方面构建精准扶贫社会工作者的核心能力体系,并通过专业教育、继续教育、实务拓展和政策引导来培养、提升、拓展和巩固其核心能力。
关键词:  精准扶贫  社会工作  社会工作者  核心能力
DOI:
基金项目:重庆市高等教育教学改革研究项目“社会工作专业核心能力指标构建及其主干课课程标准研制”(163051)
On Core Competence of Social Workers Engaged in Targeted Poverty Alleviation and Competence Improving Strategy
LIU Binzhi,XU Shihong
(Chongqing Normal University)
Abstract:
Antipoverty was the historical focus of professional social work, and is the emphasis of contemporary social work services. In the process to win the battle against poverty, professional social work has not only renewed the value idea and service pattern about poverty alleviation, but also promoted the introduction of relevant social policies and construction of talent teams. However, as poverty alleviation advances, antipoverty social work needs to be more localized, diversified, institutionalized, specialized and theorized. And the key point lies in the inadequacy of core competence of social workers engaged in targeted poverty alleviation. Therefore, it is necessary to build, on the basis of the “valueknowledgeskill” competence framework, a core competence system for the social workers from ten aspects, which include common prosperity, rural and urban equality, internal development, social policies, livelihood development, service management, accurate identification, allroundness and blending, planning and integration and evaluation. Besides, it is also important to cultivate, improve, expand and reinforce their core competence through professional training, continuing education, practical extended excises and policy guidance.
Key words:  targeted poverty alleviation  social work  social workers  core competence

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