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非目的语环境下汉语教学实践与策略研究
王媛媛
0
(扎耶德大学孔子学院)
摘要:
海外汉语教师在教学中过度关注汉语口语教学,忽视其他技能训练,并且使用英语直接讲课,会影响学生学习汉语的兴趣。上述汉语教学问题导致阿联酋扎耶德大学汉语课堂教学效率低和学生流失严重。在行动研究理论的指导下,采取一门汉语综合课统摄听、说、读、写四项技能训练课的教学方式,并在提高汉语课堂教学效率方面提出三种教学策略。四个学期的效果追踪表明,在扎耶德大学零起点汉语班可以使用汉语讲课,一门汉语综合课统摄四项技能训练课的教学方式对学生坚持学习汉语取得了良好的效果。
关键词:  非目的语环境  汉语课堂教学  行动研究  教学策略
DOI:
基金项目:
Practice and Strategies of Teaching Chinese in Non-Target Language Environment: Taking Chinese Teaching at Zayed University of UAE as an Exampl
WANG Yuanyuan
(Confucius Institute, Zayed University)
Abstract:
Overseas Chinese teachers tend to lay too much emphasis on oral Chinese teaching, neglect the training of other skills, and teach most of time in English, which usually has a negative effect on students’ interest in learning Chinese. At Zayed University of UAE, this pattern has caused low efficiency of classroom teaching and decrease of the students leaning Chinese. Guided by the theory of action research, Chinese teachers at Zayed University adopted a new teaching pattern of giving a comprehensive course, in which listening, speaking, reading and writing such four skills were trained at the same time. Besides, three teaching strategies were also tried to improve classroom teaching efficiency. Four semesters’ practice shows that at the university, teachers could teach in Chinese directly in Chinese course for the students starting from zero, and the teaching pattern of having comprehensive course could achieve good results for the students learning Chinese for some time.
Key words:  non-target language environment  Chinese teaching  action research  teaching strategies

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