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南朝四言诗嬗变历程
牛香兰
0
(青海民族大学文学与新闻传播学院)
摘要:
南朝初期的刘宋时代,是我国诗歌发展创作的又一个新台阶。刘宋诗风弃东晋淡乎寡味玄雅诗风而去,寄兴遥思、吟咏性情之风扑面而来,即使是典型的四言赠答诗也踏过东晋以来衰退的风气,呈现出一番新气象。当玄言诗长期统治东晋诗坛,谢氏家族以山水摹状为主要内容的四言体无论以哪种形式出现,都为沉寂的诗坛增添清新之气。南朝后期四言诗四言体居多,实属三言、四言、五言、六言的杂骚体,极具南朝修辞艺术之美而不失汉魏风骨。
关键词:  南朝  四言诗  家族四言诗
DOI:
基金项目:青海民族大学高层次人才项目“南朝四言文体嬗变研究”(2015XJG07)
Development of Four-character Poems in the Southern Dynasties
NIU Xianglan
(School of Literature and Journalism, Qinghai Nationalities University)
Abstract:
Liu’s Reign in the early Southern Dynasties witnessed a new development in the history of Chinese poetry. Poems of the period abandoned the boredom, mysteriousness and elegance of those in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, and was filled with a strong sense of intonating from the bottom of poets’ heart. Even common four-character thanks-giving poems also overstepped the decadence since the Eastern Jin Dynasty, and turned on a new look. Mysterious poems had long occupied a dominant position in the poetic circle of Eastern Jin Dynasty, so the occurrence of four-character landscape poems written by the Xie family, regardless of their forms, brought a breath of fresh air to the dreary poetic circle then. In the late Southern Dynasties, four-character poems became the majority, but actually they are similar to those in the style of Li Sao and each line contains three to six characters. These poems not only show the rhetoric beauty of Southern Dynasties, but also inherit the vigorous feature of the poems in the Han and Wei Dynasties.
Key words:  the Southern Dynasties  four-character poems  family four-character poems

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