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安徽省城市生态承载力多维测度及空间差异分析——基于绿色城镇化视角
李恕洲,何刚,余保华
0
(安徽理工大学经济与管理学院)
摘要:
基于绿色城镇化的视角,并结合城市生态承载力理论,从生态承载弹力和生态承载压力两个子系统出发,构建我国城市生态承载力的综合评价指标体系。进而以安徽省为例,通过构建城市生态承载指数、压力指数及生态承载力综合指数等多维度模型来对其2015年的16个地级市的生态承载力状况进行了多维测度,并描绘其区域空间差异分布。分析结果显示:安徽省16个地市中仅黄山、池州、滁州三市处于生态承载的低负荷阶段;宣城、安庆及六安市三市的生态承载力承压基本持平;其余10省的生态承载力综合指数均大于1,处在一个高负荷的生态承载阶段。
关键词:  生态承载力  绿色城镇化  多维测度  熵权法  安徽省
DOI:
基金项目:全国统计科学研究项目“新型城镇化进程质量的多维测度及动态预测研究”(2015LZ21);安徽省人文社会科学研究重大项目“皖北地区新型城镇化进程中人力资源开发研究” (SK2014ZD024)
Multidimensional Measure and Spatial Differences of Urban Ecological Carrying Capacity of Anhui: From the Perspective of Green Urbanization
LI Shuzhou,HE Gang,YU Baohua
(School of Economics and Management, Anhui University of Science & Technology)
Abstract:
This paper established a comprehensive evaluation index system for China’s urban ecological carrying capacity from the perspective of green urbanization and based on the theory of urban ecological carrying capacity, including the two subsystems of ecological carrying elasticity and pressure. Taking Anhui Province as an example and by establishing urban ecological carrying index, pressure index, comprehensive index of ecological carrying capacity and other multidimensional models, this paper measured the ecological carrying capacity of 16 prefecture level cities of Anhui in 2015, and investigated the spatial differences among them. Research results show that: only 3 cities-Huangshan, Chizhou and Chuzhou-were in underload stage, Xuancheng, Anqing and Lu’an in normal stage, and the other 10 cities in overload stage, with comprehensive index of ecological carrying capacity being higher than 1.
Key words:  ecological carrying capacity  green urbanization  multidimensional measure  entropy weight method  Anhui Province

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