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基于生态足迹的安徽省耕地生态补偿评价
何如海,许典舟,孙鹏,高采烈
0
(安徽农业大学经济管理学院)
摘要:
利用生态足迹理论和生态补偿理论对安徽省耕地生态补偿进行研究。结果表明:安徽省耕地生态补偿量呈现波动上升的趋势,由2001年1.614亿元增长到2015年15.498亿元,每公顷耕地的补偿则由38.3元增长到263.7元;耕地生态补偿整体呈现出“北高南低”和各地级市呈现出“中心城市低,周边县高”的空间格局;耕地生态补偿价值总量主要受到生态赤字、社会经济发展水平和农业生产水平的影响,且三者对耕地生态补偿呈正相关关系;耕地生态系统被破坏的潜在可能性在增加。进行耕地生态补偿研究,对保护耕地生态,提高农民耕地生态保护意识,保护农民权益产生一定的积极影响,并为安徽省耕地生态补偿机制的建立提供一定的参考。
关键词:  生态足迹  安徽省  耕地  生态补偿
DOI:
基金项目:安徽省国土厅科技项目“安徽省土地整治项目绩效评价的方法与应用研究”(2015-k-15);国土资源部公益性行业科研专项经费项目“中部地区城市带发展土地保障与监管技术系统开发与示范”(201111010)
Evaluation of Ecological Compensation of Farmland in Anhui Province Based on Ecological Footprint
HE Ruhai,XU Dianzhou,SUN Peng,GAO Cailie
(School of Economics and Management, Anhui Agricultural University)
Abstract:
Based on the theories of ecological footprint and ecological compensation, this paper studied ecological compensation of farmland in Anhui Province. Research results indicate that: the compensation in the province showed a wavelike rise, increasing from 0.161 4 billion yuan in all and 38.3 yuan per hectare in 2001 to 1.549 8 billion yuan and 263.7 yuan in 2015; as for spatial difference, the north of the province was more obvious than the south, and all prefecture level cities more obvious than their sounding counties; total value of the compensation was influenced by ecological deficit, social economic development and agricultural production, and such three factors had a positive correlation with the compensation; finally, potentiality of damage to farmland ecosystem was increasing. The study of the compensation might exert certain positive effects on protecting farmland ecology, improving people’s awareness o ecological protection and safeguarding people’s rights and interests, and can provide a reference to the establishment of ecological compensation mechanism in Anhui.
Key words:  ecological footprint  Anhui Province  farmland  ecological compensation

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