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精准扶贫中农村贫困户的“个人困扰”与社会觉察——基于社会工作需求分析视角的探讨
李磊
0
(安徽农业大学人文社会科学学院)
摘要:
“个人困扰”意味着个体的特殊需求,对农村贫困户的“个人困扰”进行识别与回应,是精准扶贫的应有之义,但扶贫实践中农村基层帮扶人员由于各种“指标”考核的行政压力以及对贫困的认知水平有限等因素,趋向于漠视贫困家庭及其个体的特殊需求。提出在农村社会工作理念与方法的指导下,基于社会工作的“感觉—表达—规范—比较”需求分析框架,做好对农村贫困户“个人困扰”的社会觉察,以之为起点,不仅能助推我国农村精准扶贫朝向“精准”之路更进一步,同时也有利于切实提升国家扶贫举措带给农村贫困群体的“获得感”。
关键词:  精准扶贫  “个人困扰”  社会觉察  农村社会工作  需求评估
DOI:
基金项目:安徽省哲学社会科学规划一般项目“共享发展理念下流动农民获得感代际比较研究”(AHSKY2016D59);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“法治社会建设中新生代农民工利益表达问题研究”(15YJC840019)
“Personal Trouble” and Social Awareness of Rural Poverty Households in Targeted Poverty Alleviation:From the Perspective of Demand Analysis of Social Work
LI Lei
(School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Anhui Agricultural University)
Abstract:
“Personal trouble” means individual’s special demand, and to identify and respond to personal trouble of rural poverty households is an important part of targeted poverty alleviation. In poverty alleviation practice, however, some grass-roots public servants tend to ignore poverty households’ special demand because of administrative pressure from all kinds of index assessments and their limited recognition of poverty. This paper suggested that improvement of rural poverty households’ social awareness of personal trouble should be guided by relevant concepts and methods of rural social work and based on the “perceiving-expressing-regulating-comparing” framework of demand analysis. If this can serve as the start point, China’s poverty alleviation work will surely go farther along the road of targeted alleviation, and also China’s poverty alleviation policies will surely make rural poverty households feel a stronger sense of “gaining”.
Key words:  targeted poverty alleviation  “personal trouble”  social awareness  rural social work  demand assessment

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